What is Fair Use?
The rights accorded to the owner of a copyright is subject to certain limitations found in sections 107 through 120 of the Copyright Act. One of the more important limitations is the doctrine of fair use, which is specifically applicable to teaching, research, and scholarship. Section 107 outlines four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
The distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission. For additional information on fair use, see Fair Use of Copyrighted Works: http://www.cetus.org/fairindex.html
Fair Use for Classrooms & Library Reserves
The ALA Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Reserve Use states: "At the very least, instructors may make a single copy of any of the following for scholarly research or use in teaching or preparing to teach a class: